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Type of Sentences Worksheets

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When contemplating sentence types, you should consider two things: the function and the structure of the sentence. When we consider the function of the sentence, we are primarily concerned with what punctuation ends the sentence. When we consider the structure of the sentence, we are interested with how many clauses are in the sentence. This page will explore both of these concepts to help the reader improve their understanding of sentence types.


Sentence Functions

Every sentence serves one of four functions. It must either make a statement, issue a command, ask a question, or exclaim and emotion or idea. Because of this we can understand sentence type by analyzing the function that the sentence serves.

Declarative Sentences

Declarative sentences make statements. Most sentences are declarative. Declarative sentences always end with a period.

Examples
I like pizza.
This is easy.

In each of these sentences the speaker makes a declaration; hence, they are declarative sentences.

Imperative Sentences

Imperative sentences issue commands. In most cases, imperative sentences have no visible subject; rather, the subject is implied. Most imperative sentences end with a period, but they may also end with an exclamation point.

Examples

Stay in your seat.
When scanning for structure, we should first find the action or predicate, which is stay in the above sentence. Then, to find the subject, we ask ourselves, “Who should stay?” The answer is that You should stay. While you is never clearly stated in the sentence, it is implied; hence, in imperative sentences, the subject is often the implied you.

Don’t do that.
Again, we can ask ourselves, “Who or what shouldn’t do that?” The answer, of course, is you again, as the subject of an imperative sentence will usually be the implied you.

Interrogative Sentences

Interrogative sentences ask questions. Because of this, all interrogative sentences end in a questions mark.

Examples
Do you want to study?
Where are you going?

In each case the speakers request information. Because of this both sentences end in question marks.

Exclamatory Sentences

Exclamatory sentences express excitement or emotion. Writers express the exclamatory tone when they end their sentences in exclamation points. Every exclamatory sentence should end in an exclamation point. Use exclamatory sentences sparingly as too much excitement may annoy the reader or listener.

Examples

That was awesome!
I’m sick of this!

Notice in each case that the sentence expresses an emotion. Exclamation point signal to readers that the speaker is yelling or exclaiming.

Sentence Types Activites and Worksheets

Four Sentence Type Worksheets – Practice identifying the four types of sentences: declarative, imperative, exclamatory, and interrogative.
Four Sentence Type Worksheets RTF
Four Sentence Type Worksheets PDF
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Sentence Types Worksheet – Students identify subjects and predicates in each sentence, separate clauses, and whether each sentence is simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex.
Sentence Types Worksheet RTF
Sentence Types Worksheet PDF
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Creating Compound Sentences – Write twenty compound sentences. A compound sentence is two or more clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction.
Creating Compound Sentences RTF
Creating Compound Sentences PDF
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Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences PowerPoint Lesson – This animated slideshow will help you deliver clear and concise instruction about simple, compound, and complex sentences.
Simple Compound and Complex Sentences PowerPoint Lesson

Creating Complex Sentences – Write ten complex sentences. A complex sentence is two or more clauses joined by a subordinating conjunction.
Creating Complex Sentences RTF
Creating Complex Sentences PDF
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Fragments and Run-On Sentences – Each of the sentences is either a fragment or a run-on. Rewrite the sentences so that they are grammatically correct.
Fragments and Run-Ons RTF
Fragments and Run-Ons PDF
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Four Sentence Types Lesson – Teach students about the four types of sentences: interrogative, exclamatory, imperative, and declarative. This file includes a practice assessment after the lesson.
Four Sentence Types Lesson PPT

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29 Comments

  1. Aditya

     /  July 15, 2017

    very difficult words use some easy ones . otherwise it is good for understanding .

    Reply
  2. Amos Zor

     /  February 10, 2017

    I was so confused when I saw other types of sentences like: simple, compound etc. But I’ve taken yours, yet I need elaboration on the others, pls.

    Reply
  3. rudra

     /  January 4, 2017

    can you pls give more worksheets about conjunctions and prepositions for grade 7?

    Reply
  4. Soumya

     /  March 1, 2016

    Hey Mr Morton this pg helped me alot!!!!!!!!
    Thanks.

    Reply
  5. john

     /  October 21, 2015

    Thanks it helped me a lot!

    Reply
  6. Shannu

     /  June 3, 2015

    Could you help me with some tips in writing essay?

    Reply
  7. Shannu

     /  June 3, 2015

    Wow…
    It’s great and helped me score full marks 😉

    Reply
  8. zsky

     /  March 2, 2015

    its awesome but i wanted questions on identification of simple and compound sentences

    but anyways thanks for this at least this was helpful !!!

    Reply
  9. amit Kumar

     /  February 23, 2015

    while searching for the topic ” sentence arrangement”, I visited your blog.

    I find it difficult to make sentences error- free ( in terms of arrangement, clauses, parallelism. .etc).

    I hope, you can help me better.

    Reply
    • The only way that you are going to get better is by practicing. Have conversations with native English speakers when you can. Read books written in English. Watch English television programs. Immersing yourself in the language will give you greater success. You will make errors. That’s ok. Native speakers make many errors too. I’m developing an app to assist people with learning English sentence structure. I will let you know when it is complete. Hopefully by May. Best wishes and remember, you learn best by doing.

      Reply
  10. Erum

     /  February 1, 2015

    loved every bit of it 🙂 got great notes for my students 😉 keep up

    Reply
  11. Eldeponso

     /  January 19, 2015

    Thank you, it helps me a lot…

    Reply
  12. Barbara

     /  October 29, 2014

    Number 7 in Fragments and Run-ons PDF is missing the word “did.”

    Reply
  13. keithchloerabut

     /  October 5, 2014

    love it .how about some information how students could report them and some gruop activities and questions thank u verry much

    Reply
  14. Al-nisa

     /  September 9, 2014

    Love it its amazing

    Reply
  15. coco

     /  January 25, 2012

    great! it helped me a lot for our quiz 🙂

    Reply
  16. Freya

     /  January 21, 2012

    i love this completed my homework by looking at this.great thing this!

    Reply
  17. Urmomma

     /  January 8, 2012

    Studying for exams

    Reply
  18. LY MENG

     /  December 12, 2011

    Especially, I learn from yours a lot! Thank you profoundly!!!

    Reply
    • Mr. Morton

       /  December 14, 2011

      Thanks for visiting! If you seek correction, you are using the words “especially” and “profoundly” incorrectly. If not, my apologies.

      Reply
  19. LY MENG

     /  December 12, 2011

    How about the other four types of sentences, such as simple, complex, compound, and compound-complex sentence?

    Even though, I absolutely appreciate yours!!!

    Reply
    • Mr. Morton

       /  December 14, 2011

      Great idea! Look forward to some stuff about this in the spring (when I teach language arts).

      Reply
  20. hannah

     /  October 19, 2011

    i love it!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    Reply
  21. Kat

     /  October 2, 2011

    I like it! I studied for exams this way!!!

    Reply

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