Story Structure Lesson – A slide show presentation on story structure. This lesson uses examples from an accompanying story – “When Gertrude Grew Great.” Suggested reading level for this text: Grade 4-8
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When Gertrude Grew Great RTF
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Story Structure Lesson 2 – An animated slideshow lesson explaining the parts of a story and a common way in which they are structured. This is a revision of the lesson is used last year. It includes a couple more terms and a new story that students should read prior to learning lesson. Suggested reading level for this text: Grade 5-9
Story Structure Lesson 2 PowerPoint
“The Breakaway” RTF
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Story Structure Quiz 1 | “Unto Others” – Students read a short story about acceptance and redemption and answer multiple choice questions about the structure of the story. I use these quizzes with Scantron test documents and use two forms of the test, alternating rows, to reduce instances of copying. Suggested reading level for this text: Grade 5-9
Story Structure Quiz RTF
Story Structure Quiz RTF Form B
Story Structure Quiz PDF
Story Structue Quiz PDF Form B
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Story Structure Quiz 2 | “Blood is Thicker” – Two sisters who are complete opposites must learn to work together to achieve their goals. Students read the short story and answer multiple choice questions about the structure of the story. Suggested reading level for this text: Grade 6-10
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Story Structure Quiz 3 – “Time Warriors” – Alex is dismayed when his mother forces him to take his little brother with him to a friend’s house. He learns to appreciate him by the end of the story. Students read the short story and complete multiple choice questions about the structure of the narrative. Suggested reading level for this text: Grade 3-7
Story Structure Quiz 3 – “Time Warriors” RTF
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Illustrate Elements of Fiction – Students will define terms related to the elements of fiction (setting, plot, rising action, etc.), create an example, and then illustrate the examples.
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Story Pyramid Handout – A nice overview of narrative structure for students. Includes information about exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
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Story Pyramid Graphic Organizer – Blank graphic organizer of Freytag’s pyramid. Identify the rising action, climax, and falling action of any story.
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Story Pyramid Graphic Organizer 2 – Another blank graphic organizer of a story structure pyramid. Use with the story of your choice. Students identify the rising action, climax, and falling action of any story.
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Common Core State Standards Related to Story Structure
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CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.R.5 – Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
ELA Standards: Literature
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.2.5 – Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.3.5 – Refer to parts of stories, dramas, and poems when writing or speaking about a text, using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza; describe how each successive part builds on earlier sections.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.5 – Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.5 – Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.5 – Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.5 – Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5 – Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.5 – Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5 – Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text (e.g., the choice of where to begin or end a story, the choice to provide a comedic or tragic resolution) contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact.