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Figurative Language Worksheets

Common Core State Standards demand that students identify figurative language techniques. This means that your standardized test is likely to question figurative language knowledge. Students can prepare for this through repeated exposure to figurative language. You can do this by studying figurative language poems, activities, or the worksheets on this page.

These worksheets will give students rapid fire practice with figurative language techniques. Not only must students identify the techniques, they must explain their answers. This approach forces students to consider their answers. It also helps teachers identify misunderstandings.



Figurative Language Worksheet 2
Here is another ten-problem worksheet to give students practice identifying figurative language techniques. Students will read the poetic snippets, identify the figurative techniques, and explain their answers.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language Worksheet 2. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language Worksheet 3
This worksheet packs a double dose of figurative language practice: four sides and 27 problems! Students determine whether each snippet contains an example of simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, or idiom. Students are also required to explain their responses.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language Worksheet 3. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language Worksheet 4
This worksheet has ten more practice problems from classic poems to help students master figurative language. Students will read the examples, identify the figuartive techniques, and then explain how they got their answers.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language Worksheet 4. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language Worksheet 5
Here is another worksheet with 10 more practice problems to help students master figurative language. Students will read the examples, determine the figurative language technique, and then explain their answers.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language Worksheet 5. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language Worksheet 6
Do you need more practice with figurative language? This 23 problem worksheet with four pages should keep students busy for a little while. Students will identify the figurative language technique used in each of the 23 examples and then explain how they got their answers.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language Worksheet 6. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language Worksheet 7
What's better than figurative language practice? More figurative language practice! Here is another double-sided figurative language worksheet with ten problems. The language used in this worksheet is easier to understand.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language Worksheet 7. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language Worksheet 8
Here is yet another four-page figurative language worksheet. It has 22 figurative langauge techniques used in a variety of contexts. Students read each example, identify the technique that is being used, and then explain how they got their answers.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language Worksheet 8. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language Worksheet 9
Are you still looking for practice with figurative language? This two-page, double-sided worksheet has 22 more figurative language problems. Students read the poetry snippets, identify the figurative language techniques, and then explain their answers.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language Worksheet 9. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

"Lord of the Flies" Figurative Language Worksheet
Here's a four page, 26 question worksheet featuring examples of figurative language taken from one of my favorite books, "Lord of the Flies." Students determine what figure of speech is used and explain their answers.
This is a preview image of "Lord of the Flies" Figurative Language Worksheet. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language of Edgar Allan Poe Worksheet
Here's a figurative language worksheet featuring lines from stories and poems of Edgar Allen Poe. Students write which technique is being used on the line and then explain how they figured out the answer. This is a great activity to use alongside one of Poe's stories.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language of Edgar Allan Poe Worksheet. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language of O. Henry
This worksheet features twenty-three selected examples of figurative language from O. Henry, one of the master writers of the short story. This four-page worksheet will give students plenty of practice with working with figurative language and poetic devices.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language of O. Henry. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language of Shakespeare
Shakespeare is not only a master of the theater, he is also a master of figurative language. His language is also a bit more difficult for most students to decode, so this is not a recommended activity for novices. Here are 23 figurative language examples used in Shakespeare's tragedies, comedies, history plays, and sonnets.
This is a preview image of Figurative Language of Shakespeare. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Figurative Language Video Games: I made a couple of educational video games to give students practice with these skills in a fun way. In these games students will answer literally hundreds of figurative language review questions while playing and exciting games.
Orpheus the Lyrical – Figurative Language Review Game
Poetry Cat – Poetic Devices Review Game

I also have figurative language tests and worksheets on poetic devices.

Common Core State Standards Related to Figurative Language

Anchor Standards

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.R.4 – Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.L.5 – Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

Expand to View All Common Core State Standards Related to Figurative Language
ELA Standards: Literature

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.3.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral language.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean).

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful. (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.)

ELA Standards: Language

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.3.5 – Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.4.5a – Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.4.5b – Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5.5a – Interpret figurative language, including similes and metaphors, in context.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5.5b – Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.6.5a – Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.5a – Interpret figures of speech (e.g., literary, biblical, and mythological allusions) in context.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.5a – Interpret figures of speech (e.g. verbal irony, puns) in context.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.9-10.5a – Interpret figures of speech (e.g., euphemism, oxymoron) in context and analyze their role in the text.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.5a – Interpret figures of speech (e.g., hyperbole, paradox) in context and analyze their role in the text.

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Common Core Lesson and Unit Plans
Understanding Common Core State Standards

 

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153 Comments

  1. Dakota bates

     /  January 20, 2020

    This was veery helpfully with my test

    Reply
  2. Lorevic Arreza

     /  August 25, 2019

    These figurative Languages are very much helpful for my pupils and a great help for my reference. Thank you so much and keep up the excellent work. God bless!

    Reply
  3. Emma

     /  June 12, 2019

    just studying for a final LOL

    Reply
  4. ali

     /  June 13, 2017

    Thank you very much for providing the worksheets. It is very helpful. Gob Bless and keep up the good work.

    Reply
  5. Akber Ali

     /  March 4, 2017

    I am deeply touched to have seen this work. This is simply amazing…… I am so thankful.

    Reply
  6. Samarth Roy

     /  February 15, 2017

    I just wanna say……..”Doctor MOrton my literary misconceptions are afraid of you just like computer viruses from NORTON.

    Reply
  7. Christy Smith

     /  November 16, 2016

    Thank you for all your hard work on this site! I have used it for years in my classroom and find it the best way to teach poetic terms.

    Reply
  8. Ann

     /  October 27, 2016

    Is there a way to load these worksheets to my google classroom

    Reply
  9. I honestly could not survive as a teacher without your items — I utilize it in so many ways!

    Reply
  10. Dr. Seema Singh

     /  June 25, 2016

    Very useful worksheets to give ample practice to my students. Saves a lot of time !!
    Thanks a lot

    Reply
  11. Sam

     /  May 29, 2016

    I cannot even begin to imagine how many hours and days and years this has taken you. To say that I am grateful, Mr. Morton, is an understatement. Because of your efforts, I believe thousands upon thousands of students are getting a better education. (This comes from a beginning teacher with little experience putting together language units). Praise God for your generosity, kindness and effort.

    Reply
  12. kolton

     /  January 26, 2016

    thank you for providing these worksheets as a resource for students like me 🙂

    Reply
  13. B. Futrell

     /  September 27, 2015

    This is an amazing resource! Thank you so much!

    Reply

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