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Subjects, Predicates, and Objects

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Understanding subjects and predicates is fundamental to learning sentence structure. Without a working knowledge of subjects, predicates, and objects, one can never master the rules of punctuation. This page will clearly explain subjects, predicates, and objects and then offer free worksheets and activities to help you review. Every complete sentence must have at least two components: a thing and an action. When we are discussing parts of speech, we call these a noun and a verb; however, when we discuss sentence structure, we call them a subject and a predicate.


Subjects

The subject is the noun in the sentence or clause that takes action. To find the subject, merely ask yourself, “What is the action?” Once you have found the action, ask yourself, “Who or what is taking this action?” The answer to that question will be the subject of the clause.

Examples

John went to the store.
In this sentence, the action is went. Ask yourself, “Who went?” Since John went, John is the subject.

It was hot outside.
The predicate in this sentence is was. So we ask ourselves, “What was?” In this case the subject is it.

Predicates

Predicates are actions in the clause or sentence. Action verbs are pretty easy to identify, but many students have a difficult time identifying verbs of being (am, is, are, was, were…) as predicates. There only way to improve in this regard is to study verbs, verb phrases, and gerunds. A sentence can have one predicate or many, but every grammatically complete sentence requires at least one predicate.

Examples

We ate pizza.
In this sentence, the predicate is ate, because it is the action that occurs in the clause.

Love was his only motivation.
This sentence does not use an action verb, but rather expresses a state of being in which Love, the subject, existed in the past as his motivation; therefore, the predicate in the example sentence is was.

Objects

Objects are nouns in the sentence or clause that do not take actions. Remember, if a noun takes the predicate, it is the subject; therefore, if a noun is not a subject then it must be an object.

Examples

We ate chicken.
In this sentence, the action is ate. Ask yourself, “Who ate?” Since we take the predicate, pizza is an object. Ask yourself, “What does pizza do in this sentence?” You might reply that it gets eaten, but in that sentence it does not get eaten. Pizza was eaten in the sentence, “Pizza was eaten.” But in the sentence, “We ate pizza,” pizza does nothing. Since it does nothing it is an object.

I forgot my shoes.
The predicate in the above sentence is forgot, so we ask ourselves, “Who forgot?” Since I forgot, I is the subject. Since shoes is a noun in the sentence that doesn’t do anything, shoes is an object.

Compound Subjects and Predicates

A compound subject or predicate occurs when a clause has more than one subject or predicate functioning as a single unit. A compound subject is when two or more separate subjects take the same predicate or group of predicates. A compound predicate is a when a subject or group of subjects take two or more predicates.

Examples

John and I played a game.
In this sentence, the predicate is played. So we ask ourselves, “Who played?” Of course both John and I played, so the clause has two subjects or a compound subject.

I went home and studied.
What is the verb in the above sentence? You might notice that there are two: went and studied. Since the subject I takes both of these predicates, the clause has a compound predicate.

Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Worksheets and Activities

Subjects, Objects, and Predicates with Pirates Worksheet – Students read 20 exciting sentences about pirates and identify the subjects, predicates, and objects used in each. In part two students will create their own sentences and analyze them for subjects, predicates, and objects.
Subjects, Objects, and Predicates with Pirates Worksheet | RTF
Subjects, Objects, and Predicates with Pirates Worksheet | PDF
Subjects, Objects, and Predicates with Pirates Worksheet | Preview
Subjects, Objects, and Predicates Worksheet with Pirates | Ereading Worksheet
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Subjects, Predicates, and Objects with the Pretty Princess – Students read sentences about the Pretty Princess’s adventures in Amazingville, and they identify subjects, predicates, and objects in each sentence. At the end of the activity, they are asked to write original sentences that meet structural requirements.
Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Worksheet | RTF
Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Worksheet | PDF
Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Worksheet | Preview
Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Worksheet | Ereading Worksheet
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Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Worksheet 2 – Students read thirty sentences and find the subjects, predicates, and objects in each. Then, students write original sentences and identify their subjects, predicates, and objects.
Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Worksheet 2 RTF
Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Worksheet 2 PDF
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Online Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Practice Test 1 – Students complete twenty interactive problems and explain their answers. Then they can print, save, or email their results and responses as a PDF file.
Online Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Practice Test 1

Subjects and Predicates WorksheetΒ – Determine whether the sentence is missing a subject or predicate. Fill in the missing subject or predicate. Draw lines separating the subject and the predicate.
Subjects and Predicates RTF
Subjects and Predicates PDF
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Compound Subjects and Predicates Worksheet – Underline the subjects, circle the predicates, determine whether the sentence has a compound subject, compound predicate or both.
Compound Subjects and Predicates Worksheet RTF
Compound Subjects and Predicates Worksheet PDF
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Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Lesson – slide show presentation teaching students the difference between subjects, predicates, and objects. Includes a practice assessment after the lesson.
Subjects, Predicates, and Objects Lesson PPT


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22 Comments

  1. Lily

     /  April 5, 2016

    Great worksheets

    Reply
  2. kiran

     /  July 6, 2015

    nice one

    Reply
  3. kiran

     /  July 6, 2015

    very easy to understand expecially the video.

    Reply
  4. Rukhshan Meer

     /  June 2, 2015

    Preparing for my exam from your worksheets πŸ™‚

    Reply
  5. Laura

     /  October 21, 2014

    Thaks for making his site and it helped alot. Are there worksheets tht we can do ourselves?

    Reply
  6. maha

     /  January 9, 2014

    Its so easy to understand from this website.. Thankyou πŸ™‚

    Reply
  7. Sean

     /  January 9, 2014

    I believe it should read, Pretty Princess’ adventures in Amazingville or the Pretty Princesses and their adventures in Amazingville. Possessive, not plural.

    “[…] sentences about the Pretty Princesses adventures in Amazingville”

    Reply
  8. Mr. Haleem

     /  December 11, 2013

    Thanks for your helpful sheets πŸ™‚

    Reply
  9. T.Arora

     /  August 18, 2013

    Thank you for this wonderful website. I appreciate the time you have put into the lessons and the website. It is easy to understand from it. It’s been very helpful. πŸ˜€

    Reply
  10. Shabeer Ahmed

     /  November 20, 2012

    i find it very helpful for english. i am very glad that many teachers like you working and trying there best so that the students learn easily.
    Thank you.

    Reply
  11. Adriana Martinez

     /  November 8, 2012

    Thank you, this is so easy to understand. Makes it so much easier to explain to my daughter. thank you, thank you!

    Reply
  12. Sonia Clarson

     /  October 19, 2012

    Thank you for this wonderful website. I have been teaching high school English for many years, but this is my first year teaching middle school reading classes. Your website has been an excellent resource. I appreciate the time you have put into the lessons and the website. Thank you!!!

    Reply
  13. CMR

     /  September 25, 2012

    Your resources seem to be tailor-made for the middle school ELA class. I appreciate the time and effort you put into making quality teaching and learning tools. THANK YOU!

    Reply
  14. sheila marie gonzales

     /  June 30, 2012

    do you have answer key for each worksheets?

    Reply
  15. Augustine

     /  April 29, 2012

    I wanted to tell you one of the best things about your web site is the way it is so easy to understand. You give options and then give answers. I booked marked the site for myself and plan to share it with another hosp. teacher I know.
    When you spend alot of time perusing the web trying to match curriculum with special needs and illnesses, it is so nice that it is so easy to stop here.

    Reply
  16. Andrea

     /  January 29, 2012

    Thank you for the great worksheets.

    Reply
    • I’m glad that you’ve found them useful. I keep intending to improve the “Language Arts” section of this website, and I keep getting side tracked, but thanks for appreciating what I have.

      Reply

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