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Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheets

Hyperbole and understatement are related figurative language techniques. With hyperbole, the speaker exaggerates, adding intensity for effect. With understatement, the speaker understates or uses statements that are too weak to accurately describe reality. Since these techniques are so similar, students are often confused by them. That’s why I created the activities on this page.

This page features four hyperbole and understatement worksheets. They are available in a variety of formats. You can download the PDF files to print them exactly as I formatted them. Or, you can download the RTF file if you want to make some changes before you use these worksheets in your classroom. Lastly, these activities can be completed in the Ereading Worksheets format. Those are online activities that can be completed on any modern device: phone, tablet, or desktop computer. Results can be printed, saved, emailed, and even shared to FaceBook. Students answer multiple choice questions and explain their answers. You’re going to love these activities.


Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 1 – This worksheet has twenty examples of hyperbole and understatement. Students read each example, determine whether it is an example of hyperbole or understatement. Then they explain their answers. This is a great activity to help your students better understand figurative language.
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 1 | RTF
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 1 | PDF
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 1 | Preview
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 1 | Answers
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 1 | Ereading Worksheet – Online Activity

Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 2 – Here’s another 20 examples of hyperbole and understatement. Students read the examples, identify which technique is being used, and then explain their answers. This is a great review activity for your figurative language unit.
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 2 | RTF
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 2 | PDF
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 2 | Preview
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 2 | Answers
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 2 | Ereading Worksheet – Online Activity

Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 3 – You’re students will cheer when you deliver another 20 hyperbole and understatement examples to them. Their hearts will pound with excitement as they figure out these figurative language techniques. They will beam with joy when they explain their answers using complete sentences. Ok, perhaps I’m being a bit hyperbolic, but isn’t this the appropriate place for it?
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 3 | RTF
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 3 | PDF
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 3 | Preview
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 3 | Answers
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 3 | Ereading Worksheet – Online Activity

Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 4 – Just in case you need a little bit more practice with hyperbole and understatement, I produced this worksheet as well. As with the others on this page, this worksheets contains 20 examples of hyperbole and understatement. Again, students will read the examples, circle their answers, and then explain their responses. This is a great way to help students master hyperbole and understatement.
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 4 | RTF
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 4 | PDF
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 4 | Preview
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 4 | Answers
Hyperbole and Understatement Worksheet 4 | Ereading Worksheet – Online Activity

I hope that these hyperbole and understatement worksheets help students master these tricky figurative language techniques. Feel free to post comments or questions below and I will respond to them as quickly as I can. Sometimes that takes a while. You may find the resources linked below to be useful as well if you are doing a figurative language unit.

 

Common Core State Standards Related to Hyperbole and Understatement

Anchor Standards

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.R.4 – Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.L.5 – Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

Expand to View All Common Core State Standards Related to Hyperbole and Understatement
ELA Standards: Literature

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.3.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral language.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean).

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 – Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful. (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.)

ELA Standards: Language

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.3.5 – Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.4.5a – Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.4.5b – Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5.5a – Interpret figurative language, including similes and metaphors, in context.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5.5b – Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.6.5a – Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.5a – Interpret figures of speech (e.g., literary, biblical, and mythological allusions) in context.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.5a – Interpret figures of speech (e.g. verbal irony, puns) in context.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.9-10.5a – Interpret figures of speech (e.g., euphemism, oxymoron) in context and analyze their role in the text.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.5a – Interpret figures of speech (e.g., hyperbole, paradox) in context and analyze their role in the text.

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Common Core Lesson and Unit Plans
Understanding Common Core State Standards

 

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